Earwigs of the USA

Checklist of the 28 species occurring in the USA

Author: Fabian Haas

Publications on US Earwigs


Relief, water, glaciers and urban centers. No of Dermaptera species in each country.

Arnett RH (1985) American Insects. A handbook of the Insects of America north of Mexico. Van Nostrand Reinhold CO New York: 139-142.

Arnold DC, Drew WA (1979) Earwigs (Dermaptera) of Oklahoma. PROCEEDINGS OF THE OKLAHOMA ACADEMY OF SCIENCE, 59: 115-116.

Borelli A (1909) Forficole raccolte dal Prof. F. Sivestri nell'Americana Settentrional et nelle isole Hawaii. Bolletino del Labratorio di Zoologia Generale e Agraria della Facolte Agraria, 3: 314-328.

Bormans A de (1893) Forficulidae. Biologia Centrali-Americana, 1 (113): 1-12.

Brindle A (1971) A revision of the genus Doru Burr (Dermaptera, Forficulidae). Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia, 23: 173-196.

Brindle A (1980) The cavernicolous fauna of Hawaiian lava tubes. 12. A new species of blind troglobitic earwig (Dermaptera: Carcinophoridae), with a revision of the related surface living earwigs of the Hawaiin Islands. Pacific Insects, 21: 261-274.

Caudell AN (1913) Notes on the Nearctic orthopterous insects. I. Nonsaltatorial forms. Proceedings of the United States National Museum, 44: 595-614.

Choate PM (2001) The earwigs (Dermaptera) of Florida and eastern United States. 8 pp.

Engel MS (2003) The earwigs of Kansas, with a key to genera north of Mexico (Insecta: Dermaptera). Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science, 106: 115-123.

Gurney AB (1950) An African earwig new to the United States, and a corrected list of the Nearctic Dermaptera. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 52: 200-203.

Hoffman KM (1987) Earwigs (Dermaptera) of South Carolina, with a key to the eastern North American species and a checklist of the North American fauna. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 89 (1): 1-14.

Knabke JJ, Grigarick AA (1971) Biology of the African earwig, Euborellia cinctiollis (Gerstaecker) in California and comparative notes on Euborellia annullipes. Hilgardia, 41: 157-194.

Miller SE (1984) Earwigs of the California Channel Islands, with notes on other species in California (Dermaptera). Psyche Cambridge, 91 (1-2): 47-50.

Poole, RW, Gentili, P (1997) Nomina Insecta Nearctica. A check list of the Insects of North America. Entomological Information Services, 4: 69-75.

Scudder SH (1901) Alphabetical index to North American Orthoptera described in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History: 436 pp.

Detailed information on the earwig fauna is available in the databases and in the link list.

Alphabetic List of Species

Family Subfamily Species Author Common Name and Notes
1 Anisolabididae Carcinophorinae Carcinophora percheroni (Guerin & Percheron, 1838)
2 Euborellia ambigua (Borelli, 1906)
3 Euborellia annulipes (Lucas, 1847)
4 Euborellia caraibea Hebard, 1921
5 Euborellia cincticollis (Gerstaecker, 1883)
6 Euborellia femoralis (Dohrn, 1863)
7 Euborellia plebeja (Dohrn, 1863)
8 Idolopsalinae Idolopsalis azteca (Dohrn, 1862)
9 Chelisochidae Chelisochinae Chelisoches morio (Fabricius, 1775) tramp species, not native
10 Forficulidae Cosmiellinae Kleter aterrimus (Bormans, 1883)
11 Forficulinae Doru aculeatum (Scudder, 1876)
12 Doru davisi Rehn & Hebard, 1914
Doru gracilis (Burmeister, 1838) based questionable and unconfirmed records by Scudder 1901 and Caudell 1913; an independant confirmation would be helpful.
13 Doru lineare (Eschscholtz, 1822)
14 Doru taeniatum (Dohrn, 1862)
15 Forficula auricularia Linnaeus, 1758
16 Labiduridae Labidurinae Labidura riparia (Pallas, 1773)
17 Pygidicranidae Pyragrinae Pyragropsis buscki (Caudell, 1907)
18 Spongiphoridae Labiinae Labia minor (Linnaeus, 1758)
19 Paralabella curvicauda (Motschulsky, 1863)
20 Paralabella rehni (Hebard, 1917)
21 Spirolabia pilicornis (Motschulsky, 1863)
22 Spongiphorinae Marava arachidis (Yersin, 1860)
23 Marava pulchella (Audinet-Serville, 1839)
24 Marava unidentata (PalisotdeBeauvois, 1805)
25 Vostox apicedentatus (Caudell, 1904)
26 Vostox brunneipennis (Audinet-Serville, 1839)
27 Vostox excavatus Nutting & Gurney, 1961
28 Strongylopsalinae Strongylolabis berlandi (Hebard, 1920) probably an imprecise synonymy, should be Vostox brunneipennis

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